There are several items that you will need to make soap, many of which you may already own in your kitchen. Below is a list of basic essential tools.
- Protective gear – Eye protection and gloves are a must when making soap. Wear long sleeves, long pants, and close-toed shoes to protect your skin from coming into contact with lye.
- Vinegar – Vinegar neutralizes lye. If you get lye on your skin, rinse with water and then apply vinegar. If you spill lye, clean the area and follow up with a wipe down of vinegar. As a safety precaution, vinegar should always be out in your work area when using lye.
- Bowls or containers for mixing – Glass, stainless steel, or plastic bowls or buckets are acceptable. Never use aluminum, as it reacts adversely with the lye by emitting large amounts of hydrogen gas into the air. Do not use tin or zinc bowls as well.
- Scale – Use a good digital scale. Accuracy in measurements is very important when making soap from scratch. Most ingredients in soaps are weighed.
- Immersion or Stick blender – While soaps can be made by hand, they can take hours to trace. A stick blender gets your soaps blended and traced in minutes.
- Mold – You need something to put your soap into. This can be anything from a box lined with plastic wrap to fancy flexible molds.
- Miscellaneous – Measuring cups and spoons, pipettes, something for cutting your soaps, and a rack for curing your soaps are useful items to have.